As the HR Partner for the Division, Jerry will be the first point of HR contact for all faculty and people managers. Jerry will be working closely with faculty and people managers to understand strategic and key day-to-day operational needs of the Division and provide data-driven insights and solutions. Jerry will act as a conduit and broker HR services and solutions to develop organizational capability of the Division. Jerry will also be an advocate for change to support the Division to be a Purpose-Driven, Engaging and High-Performing team and contribute to the Vision, Mission and Strategic Priorities of the University.
Jerry Thomas is located in Building 9, Level 3, Office number 3324 and can be reached via:
Ph: +966 12 8083212
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DATE: Monday, September 20, 2021
TIME: 12:00 PM - 01:00 PM
According to a United Nations report, chemicals production and consumption are to be doubled in the next 10 years to fulfil our essential needs. It's simply not going to happen unless we adopt a circular economy approach. The UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Chemical Economy was established in January 2021 to kick start the timely transition of the UK's £32bn chemical industry into a circular system. In this talk, I will outline the vision and remit of the Centre, and discuss why we need a whole system approach and an interdisciplinary team to address the challenge. I will then give some examples of the on-going research in our lab to tackle the challenges in the development of the circular chemical economy. I will show how we combine classic electrochemical engineering with cutting-edge enabling tools such as deep learning and digital twin technologies to deliver novel chemical recycling systems to recover chemical feedstocks from end-of-life materials and captured CO2 emissions.
Professor Jin Xuan graduated with a PhD in energy engineering from The University of Hong Kong in 2012. His academic career in the UK started in 2014, when he took up a Lectureship in the School of Engineering and Physical Sciences at Heriot-Watt University. Professor Xuan joined Loughborough University in 2018 as a Senior Lecturer, was promoted to Professor and awarded a Personal Chair in Low Carbon Processes in 2019 and became Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering in 2020. He is the Editor of Energy and AI (Elsevier), and is now working with IChemE as the founding Editor-in-Chief of the new journal Digital Chemical Engineering. Professor Xuan is currently leading the £4.5 million UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Chemical Economy. Professor Xuan is the recipient of the Beilby Medal and Prize 2020 jointly from SCI, RSC and IoM3, Highly Commended Prizes for the IChemE Global Awards (Research Project, 2019) and IET Innovation Award in Energy and Power (2018) and Scottish Energy News Researcher of the Year Award in Energy and Materials in 2015.
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LOCATION:KAUST, VIA ZOOM, CLICK OR COPY THE LINK BELOW
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Abstract: The petrochemical industry grew to become one of the world's largest industries during the 20th century. It is expected that it will continue to grow, as the world's population gets wealthier, social dynamics change and people demand more affordable and useful materials. The industry recognizes that the Earth's carrying capacity is limited. It is adapting to seek to become a truly sustainable ‘carbo’-chemical industry. This paper will address the three main challenges of this transition: shifting hydrocarbon stock, climate change and circular economy. As the energy sector transitions from oil, coal and eventually natural gas, it is expected that the chemical industry will have access to abundant hydrocarbon stocks for which it can find valuable uses. But rising CO2 prices and increasing upgrading costs will likely encourage greater use of alternative, low-carbon feedstocks. In particular, there may be a development of biomass for manufacturing oxygenated chemical intermediates and bio-based materials. To help tackle climate change, the industry will need to reduce the CO2 emissions of its processes and utilities (energy sources). Ways to achieve this will include efficiency improvements, electrification of utilities and processes and switching to renewable H2; upgrading by-products to chemicals, and CO2 capture and storage or utilization (CCS/CCU). The issue of plastic waste pollution is combining with the challenges discussed above to push society and governments towards a more circular economy. Customer demand for sustainable products is growing. New regulations (and technologies) are being rolled out for waste collection, sorting and recycling. In addition, the industry is making pledges to produce and use more sustainably. However, it is expected that fresh carbon will still have to enter the material cycle. It will be needed to feed the growth of the chemical industry and to compensate for inevitable recycling losses. For a truly circular industry, this fresh carbon would come from a renewable source, i.e. from atmospheric CO2, initially via biomass and later possibly from direct CO2 capture and utilization (CCU).
Biography: Jean-Paul Lange is a principal research scientist at Shell Projects & Technology in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, where he has been exploring novel catalytic processes for producing fuels and chemicals, initially from natural gas and oil and, since more than twenty years from biomass and plastic wastes. His research embraces heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering, conceptual process design, manufacturing economics and technology strategy.
Jean-Paul Lange is also a Professor in Chemical Biorefining at the University of Twente, the Netherlands, where he is investigating thermo-chemical and -catalytic routes to convert biomass to fuels and chemicals and to recycle plastic wastes. Before joining Shell, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Lehigh University in Bethlehem (Pennsylvania/US), got his Ph.D. at the Fritz-Haber Institute (Max Planck Society) in Berlin (Germany), and graduated at the University of Namur (Belgium). Jean-Paul Lange is co-author of >100 patent series, >60 scientific publications, 7 book chapters and is working on co-editing a scientific book. He is also contributing to public science through various advisory boards in the Netherlands, Europe and for the European Commission.
DATE: Wednesday, September 22, 2021
TIME: 04:30 PM - 05:30 PM
LOCATION:KAUST, WEBINAR VIA ZOOM
ZOOM WEBINAR PRESENTATION
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Abstract: Almost universally, geoscientists interpreting the stratigraphic record infer processes based on incomplete data; in such settings, conceptual models provide an important framework for organizing observations, generating interpretations, and making predictions. As powerful as these conceptual models may appear, they should be able to withstand independent testing, such as being consistent with the laws of physics. The purpose of this presentation is to start a discussion regarding two conceptual paradigms prominent in sedimentary geology: 1) that unfilled atoll lagoons represent a transient state, destined to be filled by debris from their annular reef, and 2) that fair-weather and storm wave bases represent consistent, objectively definable datums for facies and stratigraphic interpretation. Simple numerical hydrodynamic simulation models reveal several insights that cast doubt on the plausibility of these paradigms, in stark contrast with their widespread application in stratigraphic interpretations.
Biography: Gene Rankey is Professor of Geology at the University of Kansas, where he serves as Co-Director of the Kansas Interdisciplinary Carbonates Consortium. His research program focuses on unravelling and quantifying the nature and controls on variability in surface processes and geomorphic forms in tropical marine and nearshore sedimentary systems. It emphasizes field study of modern ramps and atolls, where both process (waves, tides, chemistry, etc.) and product (e.g., sediment, biota, geomorphology) can be observed, and their relations rigorously evaluated and numerically modelled. Recent field areas range from the Pacific (Kiribati, French Polynesia, Cook Islands), to Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia), to the Caribbean (Bahamas, Yucatan, Mexico, Turks and Caicos). Beyond efforts that focus on modern systems, the research has direct application to understanding geologic analogs in the stratigraphic record via development of testable quantitative and conceptual models for the origin and heterogeneity of the stratigraphy of ancient carbonate reef, shoal, ramp, and platform successions. Key means include high-resolution, sequence-based analysis of subsurface analogs using core, log, and seismic data, and includes recent efforts in Malaysia, Kansas, Saudi Arabia, and Australia. Rankey has served as editor of Journal of Sedimentary Research and numerous books, and as associate editor of Sedimentology, Journal of Sedimentary Research, and Geological Society of America. He has won several awards for Outstanding Paper (2002, 2008, 2010, JSR), and Outstanding Poster (2017, AAPG), and was an AAPG Distinguished Lecturer (2008-2009).
DATE: Thursday, September 23, 2021
TIME: 12:00 AM - 11:00 PM
DATE: Sunday, September 26, 2021
TIME: 04:00 PM - 05:00 PM
Abstract: Blood clotting or thrombosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality whether as a consequence of cardiovascular disease, stroke, or pulmonary thromboembolism. Likewise, the clinical performance of artificial organs that interface with the cardiovascular system has been limited because of the risk of thrombosis. Current pharmacologic agents that prevent thrombosis are unfortunately associated with a significant risk of bleeding. We will review current strategies to generate a safer generation of anticoagulants as well as materials-based approaches to improve the performance of blood-contacting devices.
Bio: Elliot L. Chaikof, MD, Ph.D. is the Johnson and Johnson Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Chaikof received his B.A. and M.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He completed his training in General Surgery at the Massachusetts General Hospital and in Vascular Surgery at Emory University. Dr. Chaikof’s clinical interests focus on the surgical treatment of vascular disease. As an engineer and surgeon with expertise in biomolecular engineering, chemical biology, and materials science, Dr. Chaikof has published in the areas of biomaterials, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and drug discovery. To date, Dr. Chaikof has been the primary mentor for over 60 postdoctoral research associates and 17 doctoral students. Of his former graduate students and postdoctoral research fellows, 22 hold tenured faculty positions in Departments of Chemical, Mechanical, and Biomedical Engineering, as well as Chemistry in the United States and abroad. Many of his former students also hold major leadership positions in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries. Dr. Chaikof currently serves as a member of the National Materials and Manufacturing Board Roundtable on Biomedical Engineering Materials and Applications (BEMA) and the Standing Committee on Biotechnology Capabilities and National Security Needs of the National Academies, as well as on the Committee on Emerging Science, Technology, and Innovation in Health and Medicine (CESTI) of the National Academy of Medicine.
DATE: Monday, September 27, 2021
TIME: 12:00 PM - 12:30 PM
The validation of detonation simulations against experimental measurements requires engaging in an ensemble of modeling challenges. One of the more recent considerations for detonation modeling is thermal non-equilibrium. Recent works have shown that inclusion of non-equilibrium terms in detonation models have an effect on experimentally measured variables. In simplified terms, thermal equilibrium is the assumption that the gas temperature is a good parameter to describe the thermodynamics of the system. In systems with thermal non-equilibrium this no longer applies necessarily and thermodynamical models need to be adapted to reflect that fact. One possibility for modeling of non-equilibrium effects is the deployment of State-to-State (STS) chemical-kinetic models. This framework of modeling allows for a detailed description of the composition of the gas instead of an assumption of the relationship between gas temperature (or any other variables) and thermodynamics.In this seminar we will examine what it means for the gas to be in thermal non-equilibrium, what the consequences are for modeling and how the STS framework can improve modeling of detonations.
João Vargas has received both his masters and PhD degrees in Physics Engineering from University of Lisbon in Portugal, completed in November 2020. During his PhD he was a visiting scholar in the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign in the United States. Since June 2021 João is a post-doctoral fellow at KAUST in the group of Professor Deanna Lacoste in the Clean Combustion Research Center. His research focus is on detailed kinetic and radiation models for gases and plasmas.
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TIME: 12:30 PM - 01:00 PM
Hydrogen combustion in internal combustion engines is an attractive candidate for addressing climate change owing to its near-zero emissions. Hydrogen fuel has been studied in spark ignition (SI) engines and showed a high octane sensitivity, denoted as the difference between RON and MON. The only harmful emissions from hydrogen combustion in SI mode are nitrogen oxides as a result of high temperature nitrogen oxidation reactions. Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) is a low temperature combustion technology that can potentially solve the problem of NOx emissions, at the same time achieving higher thermodynamic efficiency. Several studies have investigated the combustion of pure hydrogen in HCCI mode at different operating conditions. However, there has not been a comparison between hydrogen and reference hydrocarbon fuels, such as n-heptane and iso-octane. The present study focuses on evaluating the HCCI performance of hydrogen in the light of the Lund-Chevron HCCI fuel number. The experiments are conducted in a modified Cooperative Fuel Research (CFR) engine to run in HCCI conditions using hydrogen port injection. Here, the auto-ignition of hydrogen is compared to the auto-ignition of reference fuels at different engine speeds and intake temperatures. The results show that hydrogen HCCI combustion is sensitive to engine operating conditions with hydrogen behaving as a high octane fuel at low engine speeds and intake temperature, while low octane rating is encountered with increasing speed and intake temperature. The study also sheds light on the problems and drawbacks associated with hydrogen combustion in HCCI engines, as well as potential solutions to such problems.
Abdulrahman obtained his bachelor degree in Mechanical engineering from King Fahd University of petroleum and minerals (KFUPM) in 2017. He then joined ROSEN technologies as a research engineer in the field of non-destructive testing of oil pipelines. In 2018, He joined KAUST as a master student and defended his thesis about the Argon power cycle under the supervision of Professor Bengt Johansson and Professor R. W. Dibble. He is now a PhD student in Professor Mani Sarathy group. His research focuses on the utilization of next generation carbon-free fuels such as hydrogen and ammonia in internal combustion engines.
DATE: Monday, October 04, 2021
The extensive concerns of limited resources, safety and the environmental issues of current energy storage techniques has fired new research to sustainable battery revolution to satisfy the burgeoning global market. Aqueous zinc-based batteries may be able to address these issues but suffer from fast capacity fade and poor ion diffusion kinetics; due to unstable structures and non-optimised cathode materials and electrolytes. The recent progress of cathode materials and electrolyte optimisation for zinc-based batteries from my group will be discussed in the talk.
Dr. Guanjie He is an Associate Professor in Chemistry, University of Lincoln and an Honorary Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering, University College London (UCL). He received the PhD degree in Chemistry from UCL. Dr. He's research focused on materials for electrochemical energy storage and conversion applications, especially electrode materials in aqueous electrolyte systems. Dr. He has published over 90 papers in peer-reviewed journals with total citation of over 2700, and an h-index of 29.
DATE: Monday, October 11, 2021
Adaptive control is an approach used to deal with systems with uncertain or time-varying parameters. Recently, it has been proven in a variety of scenarios that it is possible to carry out adaptive control for a linear time-invariant (LTI) discrete-time plant so that the closed-loop system enjoys linear-like behavior: exponential stability, a bounded noise gain, and a convolution bound on the exogenous signals. The key idea is to carry out parameter estimation by using the original projection algorithm together with restricting the parameter estimates to a convex set. In this presentation we show that we can prove these same desirable properties for various adaptive control problems without the convexity assumption using multiple models and a switching algorithm. We also show an application of this approach to controlling a rigid assembly of unmanned aerial vehicles under uncertainty.
Mohamad is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Robotics, Intelligent Systems & Control (RISC) Lab in KAUST. He received the Ph.D. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of Waterloo in 2020. He received the M.Sc. degree in Systems Engineering and the B.Sc. degree in Control and Instrumentation Systems Engineering, both from KFUPM, in 2007 and 2015, respectively. Between Jan 2012 and Dec 2015, he was a Research Engineer with Baker Hughes. His current research interests include adaptive control, optimization & control, and their applications to robotics.
DATE: Sunday, October 17 - Monday, October 18, 2021
DATE: Monday, October 25, 2021
Control of thermal transport is of significant interest for a wide range of applications, such as thermoregulation of individuals, buildings, vehicles and batteries, thermo-electric and solar-thermal energy conversion, bio/chemical sensing, and micro/nanomanufacturing. However, heat transfer processes are often difficult to actively control: heat conduction is usually diffusive in nature owing to the incoherence of heat carriers (phonons and electrons) and thermal radiation is generally broadband or have wide energy distribution. If one could engineer the transport of thermal energy, arguably the most ubiquitous form of energy, with similar degree of controllability as optical energy, a variety of energy transport and conversion technologies can be improved. In this talk, I will introduce a thermo-photonic engineering approach to manipulate nanoscale heat transport by using surface phonon polaritons (SPhP). I will mainly focus on how the SPhP can be utilized to tailor thermal radiation properties, especially to achieve a coherent, near-monochromatic far-field thermal emission, which is a big departure from the incandescent behaviour in the classic textbook as described by the Planck's law.
Dr. Shin is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at National University of Singapore (NUS). Prior to joining NUS, she received her Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from UC San Diego in 2019. She specializes in experimental investigation of fundamental nanoscale heat transport for thermal management and development of personalized thermoregulators and energy harvesting devices using thermoelectric energy conversion. In particular, she is interested in solving multidisciplinary problems, such as thermo-electric and thermo-optical engineering for controlled thermal management. She was a selected participant in 'Asian Deans' Forum 2018 The Rising Stars Women in Engineering Workshop' and a recipient of 2020 Chancellor's Dissertation Medal at UC San Diego.
DATE: Thursday, October 28, 2021
DATE: Monday, November 01, 2021
In today's fast-paced, constantly changing world, innovation plays a vital role in creating an impact on environmental technical, economical and societal fronts. Cultivating innovation as a systematic method in our formal education is expected to improve innovation culture and entrepreneurial behavior. TRIZ, a Russian acronym, which translates as "Theory of Inventive Problem Solving" developed by Genrich Altshuller in 1964 aids individuals and organizations to develop this systematic innovation culture. TRIZ is an efficient technique that provides tools and methods that allows solving challenging problems very systematically, as opposed to normal trial and error. Although TRIZ was originally developed to solve inventive problems in engineering, it has been extended to numerous fields such as education, business, agriculture, transportation, health, etc. Fundamentally TRIZ is based on 40 inventive principles and eliminating engineering and physical contradictions. Many organizations such as Apple, BMW, GE, GM, Mahindra, NASA, P&G, Siemens, Samsung, Schneider Electric, and many more. Recently, TRIZ has been introduced as a part of basic education in France and Japan
Through this talk, the author provides a brief overview of TRIZ with some examples to inspire young engineers and researchers, so that they can consider TRIZ to solve challenging research problems.
Dr. Sreenivasa Rao Gubba is a Research Scientist at KAUST Innovation and Clean Combustion Research Center (CCRC). Dr. Gubba has 17 years of professional experience comprising of 9 years at General Electric Global Research Center (GRC) in Bangalore and 8 years at academic institutions in the UK and India. He is a level 3 TRIZ practitioner. He trained many engineers on TRIZ methodology at GE. Dr. Gubba used TRIZ to solve many real-world problems during his tenure at GE. Few technologies to mention are Boiler tube health monitoring (BTHM), an IOT based solution for addressing boiler tube health, the ducted fuel injector (DFI), a technology that is capable of reducing soot greater than 50% in large bore IC engines and late lean injectors (LLI), a technology used in current GE power gas turbines for low NOx and higher T39. His current research interests are low emission combustion technologies, alternative fuels, and gasification.
DATE: Monday, November 08, 2021
The field of CO2 electrolysis continues to mature and now encompasses a wide variety of disciplines bordering engineering and science. The majority of research, however, still emphasizes the 1D dimensional region between the cathode and the anode, and subsequently the development and interactions of all components contained within (gas-diffusion layer, membrane, etc.). As the trajectory of research marches towards higher current density operation (>200 mA/cm2) and larger geometric cell areas (>5 cm2), the homogeneity of reactions occurring across the catalyst's planar area now warrants additional attention from the research field. In brief, under new standard operating conditions it can no longer be assumed that activity is constant at each location on a catalyst's surface. Specifically, variations in CO2 and product concentrations, applied potential and temperature will inevitably occur throughout a device, and influence a catalyst's localized current densities and product selectivity.
In this talk, several examples of spatial variations in CO2 electrolysis systems at elevated current densities in a gas-diffusion layer system will be addressed, as will their impact on the measured performance. Shown examples are spatial variations in selectivity, the importance of proper current collection, and the direct measurement of localized electrochemical activity using a newly-developed 'thermal potentiostat' which couples infrared imaging with potentiostatic data.
Thomas (Tom) Burdyny completed his PhD from the University of Toronto (2017) followed by a brief postdoc at the Delft University of Technology. In 2019 he began his independent career at TU Delft, where his group focuses on applied and process integration aspects of electrochemical technologies, namely CO2 reduction. The lab's work takes a combined modelling and experimental approach to understand and improve all components and phenomena in the electrochemical system. Tom has been the recipient of the prestigious VENI personal grant (2019) from the Dutch government , as well as acting as the ethylene work package leader in the Horizon 2020 EU project SELECTCO2.