Abstract: The Red Sea is a narrow basin with warm and highly saline water and it is featured with a crucial oceanographic aspect -- eddies. Various approaches, including remote sensing data, oceanic general circulation and connectivity models and assimilation techniques were used to carry out an integrated investigation on the Red Sea eddies, including their statistical properties, energy budget, the mechanisms of their evolution, and their contributions to the biological connectivity. We found that eddies are likely formed in the central and northern Red Sea during winter, and their generation is primarily governed by the buoyancy forcing imposed from the overlying atmosphere, despite few wind-driven eddy events. The Red Sea eddies also play a noticeable role in tracer transport and biological connectivity, which accelerates the nutrient and gene exchange across the basin and prosper the diversity of the Red Sea ecosystem.
Biography: Peng is a research scientist in the Department of Earth Science and Engineering at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in collaboration with Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Peng completed his B.S. and M.S. in Physical Oceanography at Ocean University of China and M.S. and PhD in Earth Science and Engineering at KAUST. His research interest includes investigating the mesoscale eddies and associated interdisciplinary processes using numerical modeling approach, and data assimilation with an emphasis on improving the predictability of eddies in the ocean. He has published 14 papers on high-impact peer-reviewed journals in these topics.