Fire incidents involving crude oil tank cars have been the subject of investigation by Transport Canada and the NRC for the last four years. NRC conducted a number of fire tests in an indoor facility by engulfing a cylindrical object representing a rail tank car at 1/10th scale in a crude oil pool fire. Valuable information about the boundary conditions surrounding the scaled-down tank car have been obtained, and these boundary conditions can be used as inputs to modelling the behaviour of crude oil inside the tank car, which is the counter part of the problem.
Although valuable data including the boundary conditions surrounding the tank car were obtained from the 1/10th scale experiments, the experiments investigated only a limited number of fire scenarios that are of interest to Transport Canada. In this work, numerical modelling of the 1/10th scale experiments is conducted using Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS). The results from the simulations are compared against the experimental data in order to validate the model and extrapolate the experimental results.
Nour got her PhD in chemical and biological engineering (CBE) from KAUST in 2018. Her PhD was about numerical modelling of internal combustion engines under supervision of prof. Mani Sarathy. After KAUST, Nour joined the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) as a research associate in the fire safety department. Her work now focuses on numerical modelling of fire scenarios, in addition to research on wildfire smoke.
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