17 FebChemical Science Graduate SeminarNonporous Adaptive Crystals (NACs) for Separation and Adsorption
Nonporous Adaptive Crystals (NACs) for Separation and Adsorption
  • Professor Feihe Huang
  • Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  • Sunday, February 17, 2019
  • 12:00 PM - 01:00 PM
  • Auditorium Between Buildings 4 & 5
2019-02-17T12:002019-02-17T13:00Asia/RiyadhNonporous Adaptive Crystals (NACs) for Separation and AdsorptionCBE/Chems Graduate Seminar Nonporous Adaptive Crystals (NACs) for Separation and AdsorptionAuditorium Between Buildings 4 & 5Linda J. SapoluLinda.Sapolu@kaust.edu.sa

Abstract:  In the chemical industry, distillation is a very important method to purify chemicals. In fact, distillation takes about 10-15% of global energy consumption. This is equal to 100 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions and 4 billion dollars in energy costs annually. Therefore, it is necessary to develop energy-saving approaches to purifying chemicals. For this purpose, adsorption and separation based on porous materials have been widely investigated. There are two main types of porous materials. At macromolecular level, we have zeolites, MOFs, and COFs. They are crosslinked organic and inorganic polymer networks. At molecular level, we have porous organic cages or POCs. In this talk, I will introduce a novel kind of solid materials for adsorption and separation, nonporous adaptive crystals (NACs), which function at the supramolecular level. They are nonporous in the initial crystalline state, but the intrinsic or extrinsic porosity of the crystals along with a crystal structure transformation is induced by preferable guest molecules. Unlike solvent-induced crystal polymorphism phenomena of common organic crystals that occur at the solid-liquid phase, NACs capture vaporized guests at the solid-gas phase. Upon removal of guest molecules, the crystal structure transforms back to the original nonporous structure. I will focus on the discussion of pillararene-based NACs for adsorption and separation and the crystal structure transformations from the initial nonporous crystalline state to new guest-loaded structures during the adsorption and separation processes. Compared with traditional porous materials, NACs of pillararenes have several advantages. First, their preparation is simple and cheap and they can be synthesized in large-scale to meet practical demands. Second, pillararenes have better chemical, humid and thermal stability than crystalline MOFs, COFs and POCs, which are usually constructed based on reversible chemical bonds. Third, pillararenes are soluble in many common organic solvents, which means that they can be easily processed in solution. Fourth, their regeneration is simple and they can be reused many times with no decrease in performance. It is expected that this kind of materials will not only exert significant influence on scientific research, but also show practical applications in the chemical industry.

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References: (a) Jie, K.; Liu, M.; Zhou, Y.; Little, M. A.; Bonakala, S.; Chong, S. Y.; Stephenson, S. Y.; Chen, L.; Huang, F.;* Cooper, A. I.* “Styrene Purification by Guest-Induced Restructuring of Pillar[6]arene” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 2908. (b) Jie, K.; Zhou, Y.; Li, E.; Li, Z.; Zhao, R.; Huang, F.* “Reversible Iodine Capture by Nonporous Pillar[6]arene Crystals” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 15320. (c) Jie, K.; Zhou, Y.; Li, E.; Zhao, R.; Liu, M.; Huang, F.* “Linear Positional Isomer Sorting in Nonporous Adaptive Crystals of a Pillar[5]arene” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 3190. (d) Jie, K.; Liu, M.; Zhou, Y.; Little, M. A.; Pulido, A.; Chong, S. Y.; Stephenson, A.; Hughes, A. R.; Sakakibara, F.; Ogoshi, T.; Blanc, F.; Day, G. M.;* Huang, F.;* Cooper, A. I.* “Near-Ideal Xylene Selectivity in Adaptive Molecular Pillar[n]arene Crystals” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 6921. (e) Jie, K.; Zhou, Y.; Li, E.; Huang, F.* “Nonporous Adaptive Crystals of Pillararenes” Acc. Chem. Res. 2018, 51, DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00255. (f) Jie, K.; Zhou, Y.; Li, E.; Zhao, R.; Huang, F.* “Aromatics/Cyclic Aliphatics Separation by Nonporous Adaptive Pillararene Crystals” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 12845-12849. (g) Li, E.; Jie, K.; Zhou, Y.; Zhao, R.; Zhang, B.; Wang, Q.; Liu, J.; Huang, F.* “Aliphatic Aldehydes Detection and Adsorption by Nonporous Adaptive Pillar[4]arene[1]quinone Crystals with Vapochromic Behavior” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 23147-23153. (h) Li, E.; Jie, K.;* Zhou, Y.; Zhao, R.; Huang, F.* “Post-Synthetic Modification of Nonporous Adaptive Crystals of Pillar[4]arene[1]quinone by Capturing Vaporized Amines” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 15070-15079. (i) Li, E.; Zhou, Y.; Zhao, R.; Jie, K.;* Huang, F.* “Dihalobenzene Shape Sorting by Nonporous Adaptive Crystals of Perbromoethylated Pillararenes” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201900140.

Biographyobtained his PhD from Virginia Tech under the guidance of Prof. Harry W. Gibson in March 2005. Then he joined Prof. Peter J. Stang's group at University of Utah as a postdoctor. He returned to China to work at Zhejiang University as a full professor in December 2005. He is Changjiang Scholar Chair Professor of Zhejiang University now. His current research is focusing on nonporous adaptive crystals (NACs). Awards and honors he has received include Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Asian Chemical Congress Asian Rising Star, Chinese Chemical Society AkzoNobel Chemical Sciences Award, Cram Lehn Pedersen Prize in Supramolecular Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry Polymer Chemistry Lectureship award, Chang Jiang Scholar, and The Royal Society Newton Advanced Fellowship award. His publications have been cited more than 19871 times. His h-index is 75. He was selected onto the list of ISI highly cited researchers every year from 2015 to now. He has served as a guest editor for Chem Soc Rev, Acc Chem Res, Chem Rev, Adv Mater, and Chem Commun. He sits/sat on the Advisory Boards of Chem Soc Rev, Chem Commun, Acta Chim Sinica, Macromolecules, ACS Macro Lett, and Polym Chem. He is an Editorial Board Member of Mater Chem Front.


  • Linda J. Sapolu
  • Linda.Sapolu@kaust.edu.sa