Transport is one of the most difficult and costly sectors to decarbonize. Today, the transport sector continues to be almost entirely dependent on oil-based liquid fuels, and represents the fastest growing source of GHG emissions in 40 countries. These trends are likely to continue for the foreseeable future as demand for mobility increases, particularly in sub-sectors where few alternatives to liquid fuels exist; most notably, long-haul road transport, open-ocean shipping and international aviation.
These demands and a lack of alternatives present a variety of challenges for international climate efforts. Foremost, to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement, the total annual GHG emissions from the transport sector must be reduced to around 2 Gt by 2050 – from in excess of 8 Gt today. Current policy measures and targets fall well short of what is required to decarbonize the sector in this timeframe; thus, requiring an immediate and intensive rethink to avoid the potential impacts of climate change.
This presentation will discuss how a technology-neutral framework provides the best opportunity for addressing transport GHG emissions in the short, medium and long terms. There is a growing body of evidence which indicates a range of measures – including electrification, improved fuels and engine technology, hydrogen, carbon recycling and demand management – will be required for decarbonizing the transport sector, with each option deployed where it provides the greatest possible impact, and adapted to local needs and pace of change. The presentation will address these broader challenges, and discuss how the oil & gas industry can play a role in decarbonizing road, maritime and aviation transport.
Kai Morganti holds a B.Eng. (Hons) degree in Mechanical Engineering from RMIT University (2008) and a Ph.D. from The University of Melbourne (2013), both in Australia. He has more than ten years of experience in the oil & gas industry and various automotive testing facilities. Much of his work has been collaborative, often involving government, industry and research institutions.
Kai joined Saudi Aramco as a Transport & Fuels Research Specialist in 2014. Since joining the company, he has led technology development programs which achieved double-digit improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency, and coordinated more than a dozen transport workshops in Asia, Europe and the United States. He is a recipient of several company-wide awards, including a CEO's Excellence Award (2018) and Leadership Development Award (2017).
Kai is currently completing a two-year secondment with the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI). OGCI is a CEO-led initiative taking practical action on climate change, with the 13 member companies accounting for 30 percent of global oil and gas production. As the Project Manager of the Transport Workstream, Kai is responsible for delivering OGCI's global transport agenda.
Kai currently serves on the Board of Officers of the Saudi Arabian Section of the Combustion Institute, where he holds the position of secretary. He previously served on the Board of Directors of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Australasia for six years. Prior to completing his Ph.D., Kai worked for the Ford Motor Company of Australia as a Prototype Planning and Build Engineer. He has co-authored more than thirty published articles.