Abstract: The continuous influx of greenhouse gases (GHG) to the atmosphere from various human activities is a major environmental challenge facing the globe for years to come. Global warming is emerging as one of the 21st-century major challenges.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has ratified the Paris Agreement and committed to taking measures to reduce CO2 emissions. Alongside, the Kingdom rolled out the Saudi Vision 2030, which is a comprehensive and ambitious plan to address different national economic and development challenges. Some aspects of the Vision 2030 are dedicated to improving efficiency in different industry sectors, promote renewable energies, and safeguard the environment and natural resources. Reducing CO2 emissions is a national milestone.
To achieve this commitment, it is critical to establish a detailed CO2 emission inventory of the main sources at the facility level including their geographical locations, flue gas characteristics, and emission rates. Such a detailed inventory is currently missing. In this work, we provide a comprehensive quantitative analysis of CO2 emissions from stationary sources associated with the main six industries in KSA that includes: electricity, desalination, refineries, cement, petrochemicals, and iron & steel industries. We also provide an estimate of emissions from road transportation and other sources. Our estimate of total CO2 emissions in KSA showed some 20% increase from the last officially published estimates in 2010. We also provide a detailed map of CO2 sources that can be helpful to assess the economic viability of CO2 mitigation methods and to identify potential locations of CO2 sinks in proximity to sources such as in the case of CO2 inject in hydrocarbon reservoirs to enhance oil recovery and subsurface CO2 traps.
Bio: Hussein Hoteit is an Associate Professor in Reservoir Engineering at Ali I. Al-Naimi Petroleum Engineering Research Center (ANPERC), KAUST. Before joining KAUST, Dr. Hoteit worked for ConocoPhillips and Chevron oil companies in Houston, TX. He has about 15 years of cumulative experience in reservoir engineering where he worked in projects related to Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (CEOR), miscible CO2 flood, steam injection, and reservoir simulation development. Dr. Hoteit was selected as an SPEDL, distinguished lecturer, in 2009 and has earned several SPE awards.